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Hydrogen Peroxide










General Information:


Structure:



CAS Number: 7722-84-1

Molecular Weight: 34.01 g/mol

Appearance: Colorless liquid

Density: 1.11 g/mL (30% w/w aq.)


Hydrogen peroxide is the simplest peroxide and is considered a strong oxidizer. It exists as a colorless liquid and is miscible with H2O in all proportions. For laboratory purposes 30% Hydrogen peroxide (in H2O) is most common.



Common Uses:


Reagent for the oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides or sulfones





Reagent for the conversion of nitriles to amides





Reagent in the second step of the conversion or an aryl halide to an aryl-OH





Safety:


Hydrogen peroxide is a strong oxidizing agent. Hydrogen peroxide is well known to have the potential to cause explosive reactions. Handle with care.




References:


1) UK Pat App GB2463151A, page 120

2) WO2012069948, page 63

3) WO2016023830, page 98

4) www.h2o2.com

5) Wikipedia: Hydrogen peroxide (link)

6) www.sigmaaldrich.com: Hydrogen peroxide solution (link)