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Carbon Tetrachloride


Other Names:

Tetrachloromethane







General Information:


Structure:



CAS Number: 56-23-5

Molecular Weight: 153.82 g/mol

Appearance: Colorless liquid

Chemical Formula: CCl4

Melting Point: -23 C

Boiling Point: 76-77 C

Density: 1.594 g/mL


Due to its symmetrical structure, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is non-polar. Its non-polar nature makes it a suitable solvent for dissolving non-polar compounds. Carbon tetrachloride is convenient as a solvent for NMR because it contains no protons, however, its poor dissolving power limits its usefulness.




Common Uses:


Solvent in benzylic brominations





Safety:


Carbon tetrachloride is toxic to the central nervous system. It is not flammable, and actually at one time was used in fire extinguishers.




References:


1) Patent Reference: WO2016014463, page 101, (6.7 MB)

2) Wikipedia: Carbon tetrachloride (link)

3) www.sigmaaldrich.com: Carbon tetrachloride (link)