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  (Nucleoside Chemistry)



Other Names:


Azodicarboxylic acid dipiperidide


General Information:


CAS Number: 10465-81-3

Molecular Weight: 252.31 g/mol

Melting Point: 134-136 C

1,1-(Azodicarbonyl)dipiperidine (ADDP) is typically used as a reagent in Mitsunobu reactions. ADDP is an Azo-type reagent that enables Mitsunobu reactions with certain substrates that react poorly or fail with DEAD-TPP systems. DEAD-TPP Mitsunobu reactions generally only work well with substrates that have a pKa < 11. Azo-type reagents are more easily protonated by less acidic substrates, therefore should allow more successful reactions when substrates have a pKa near the limits of the DEAD-TPP system's abilities, which as mentioned before is at pKa ~11.

Azo-type reagents are poorer Michael acceptors than DEAD, therefore they are generally paired with more nucleophilic phosphine reagents than TPP, such as tributylphosphine or trioctylphosphine.

Common Uses:

Reagent in Mitsunobu Reactions


1) Patent Reference: WO2016014463, page 168, (6.7 MB)

2) 1,1’-(Azodicarbonyl)dipiperidine (link)

3) H27719 1,1’-(Azodicarbonyl)dipiperidine, 97% (link)

4) Tsunoda, Tetsuto; Kaku, Hiroto; Ito, Sho; New Mitsunobu Reagents (TCI Mail) (link)